Biogas: a virtuous circle
Biogas, more than all other renewables, has multiple positive outcomes that affect the entire system that surrounds and interacts with the biogas plant.
Biogas is a mixture of methane gas and carbon dioxide produced from the fermentation of organic substrates in absence of oxygen, known as anaerobic digestion process.
A natural and
When this technology is included in the production cycle of a company, agricultural, zootechnical, industrial, agro-industrial or waste management, it increases the company’s economic and environmental sustainability of its production cycle.
The use of zootechnical effluents reduces the emissions of methane and ammonia, the use of double culture reduces the leaching of nitrogen and nutrients in the underground and superficial water, the exploitment of the OMSW incentivizes correct waste division and treatment, reduces disposal costs and environmental impact. The production of natural fertilizers from the digestate of the anaerobic digestion reduces the environmental impact on soils and, finally, the refinement of biogas in biomethane allows the use for transportation, reducing the quantities of fossil fuels.
Whatever the type of business, agricultural or industrial, the company can choose to:
- Become completely independent from the energetical point of view, producing electrical energy in self-consumption
- Concretely contribute to the sustainable energy policy, generating clean energy for the surrounding community
- Minimize waste management costs of its production cycle
In a biogas plant the organic substrates most commonly used are agircultural leftovers, animal manure, slaughterhouse leftovers, energy crops, waste water, agro-industrial waste ad organic municipal waste.
Sebigas has developed specific technologies that perfectly adapt to the characteristics of the substrates, exploiting the entire methane potential.
Integrated solutions to
satisfy the most varied
CSTR – Continuous-flow Stirred Tank Reactor
The technology chosen by SEBIGAS for anaerobic digestion is CSTR (Continuous-flow Stirred Tank Reactor), based on a semi-continuous flow of fresh biomass as input in the digesters at a controlled temperature and mixed, and an output called digestate.
The plant with its material flows can be schematically shown as follow:
- Organic substrates are charged through a buffer tank or a solid feeder, depending on the type of biomass, into the primary digesters;
- The primary digester is fed directly with fresh substrates; it has a slab roof in order to optimize the mixing inside it;
- The anaerobic digestion continues inside a post digester, a tank with a gasholder, in order to ensure a buffer volume for the produced biogas;
- The biogas can be used to produce electric and thermal energy through a cogenerator or it can be purified to separate the CO2 from the bio-methane, for chemical and alimentary industries;
- The output digestate can be spread on the fields as fertilizer, as it is or divided in solid and liquid fraction.
- Low autoconsumptions thanks to the optimization of the running time of mixers and pumps by the control system.
Advantages of Sebigas Technology
- Flexible technology able to better manage every kind of available biomass
- Simple and optimized maintenance in order not to have plant shutdowns
- Maximum plant availability thanks to high-quality equipment and materials
- Excellent mixing system, result of a fluid dynamics study in collaboration with the University of Bologna
- Low self-consumptions thanks to the optimization of the running time of mixers and pumps by the control system.
CLBR – Covered Lagoon Bio Reactor
In order to treat liquid substrates, SEBIGAS can offer a solution based on covered and gas-tight lagoons, temperature controlled. The technology is suitable for all organic liquid agro-industrial waste such as tapioca effluents, palm oil mill effluents (POME), sugar and ethanol processing waste.
Advantages of Sebigas Technology
- Simple and economic technology with references in operation
- Digestion volumes that guarantee high stability of the biological process
- High degree of reliability compared with similar solutions
- Possibility to apply this technology to existing lagoons
and biomethane purification (upgrading)
complete cogeneration systems,
for electrical production
or biogas purification system for the
To convert the biogas produced into energy, SEBIGAS provides a complete cogeneration system in container, including a heat engine and an alternator. The system is also equipped with a heat recovery system for the production of thermal energy. In addition, to increase the energy efficiency of the plant, it is possible to recover energy from the exhaust gases through the installation of an ORC module (Organic Rankine Cycle).
The produced biogas by the anaerobic digestion can be also treated in an upgrading system for the removal of CO2; the obtained biomethane at the end of the process is chemically very similar to natural gas and can then be injected into the network, used as motor fuel, for industrial uses or for high efficiency cogeneration.
There are different technologies of upgrading system:
Pressurized water scrubbing (PWS)
Pressure swing adsorpion (PSA)
Membrane separation process (MBR)
SEBIGAS chooses the technology to be adopted according to the plant size, the degree of purity to be obtained and to the costs of CAPEX and OPEX.